Subtle improvements have been made in gender equality at board level globally, but there are bigger gains where forced quotas are implemented, finds major new research.
The lack of structural and institutional backing for women throughout their careers is identified as a serious obstacle to their reaching senior positions, according to a major report by the OECD.
‘The Pursuit of Gender Equality: An Uphill Battle’ provides an update to landmark research undertaken by the organisation in 2012, and finds there has been “very little progress” in reaching gender equality goals, whether that is in education, labour force participation, or in leadership.
In 2016, 20% of board seats were taken by women, up from 16.8% in 2013. On average, 4.8% of CEOs were women in 2016, from 2.4% in 2013. Women held 28
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Unilever this year defeated a takeover bid from American rival Kraft. But the episode has prompted questions over the Anglo-Dutch group’s ability to maintain its much-envied sustainable business model.