Stock returns fell at multinationals that took action after the 2022 invasion of Ukraine, research project shows.
Shareholders with a controlling interest influence not only financial matters but can also wield great power over policy and politics.
Geopolitical risk is here to stay, but businesses may not be ready for the next major incident, says report from IIA and Airmic.
Agility, planning in the shorter term and bravery will all stand chief executives in good stead in another unpredictable year.
In a world rife with conflict, boards can develop valuable strategic opportunities from the geopolitical knowledge of their general managers.