Across the entire threat landscape, two things stand out: the continuous lowering of barriers to entry for would-be cybercriminals and the commodification of what once would have been considered “advanced persistent threat” tools and tactics. While there has long been a thriving marketplace for hacking tools, malware and access to vulnerable networks, the lessons learned from the recent history of ransomware operations and other well-funded malicious actors are more rapidly becoming available to the wider criminal community. Geopolitical conditions have continued to make fighting cybercrime more difficult.