The large-scale trends shaping the ESG-investing world are well-known at this point: climate change risk and the road to net zero, the growing existential threat of biodiversity loss, social inequalities, regulation and, lately, debate and controversy over what exactly ESG should be.

This year, MSCI has gone back to basics and asked the experts on our research team: With everything that is happening around us, what specifically will you be watching in 2023, and why?