The economic, social and environmental benefits derived from greater gender equality on boards are numerous—and increasingly important to investors.
The traditionally low representation of women in management positions is due to the so-called "glass ceiling", an invisible cultural barrier that prevents the best educated women from holding positions of responsibility in companies. Equal opportunities, both in social and economic terms, is a fundamental human right. Furthermore, the systematic exclusion of women, who represent half of society, leads to sub-optimal management bodies in companies. A primary objective of the European Union is to achieve equality between men and women in all areas, including decision-making and representation on company boards. In this regard, some governments have enacted mandatory or voluntary laws to promote gender equality, while others have only given