Women tend to be more pessimistic than men when assessing their own competence, so could this explain differences in choice of work, and therefore the gender pay gap?
From April, large employers in the UK will have to publish annual data on their gender pay and bonuses gaps. While under the Equal Pay Act it is illegal to pay men and women differently for doing the same job, figures from the Office for National Statistics puts the gender pay gap for full-time employees in 2016 at 9.4% in the UK. The reasons for this substantial difference in earnings are often attributed to occupational segregation by gender, driven by differences in education, accumulated experience and discrimination.
But recent research has instead focused on underlying gender differences in preferences and psychological attributes w
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